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This test can show pre-cancerous changes in cells of the cervix that might be caused by HPV infection.These changed cells can then be destroyed or removed, if needed. Doctors may now also test for HPV, which can tell them if a woman might be at higher risk for cervical cancer.
American Cancer Society recommendations for HPV vaccination *For people 22 to 26 years old who have not started the vaccines, or who have started but not completed the series, it’s important to know that vaccination at older ages is less effective in lowering cancer risk. Most people in the United States are infected with EBV by the end of their teen years, although not everyone develops the symptoms of mono.But in most people, the body’s immune system controls the HPV infection or gets rid of it over time. A few types of HPV are the main causes of cervical cancer, which is the second most common cancer among women worldwide.Cervical cancer has become much less common in the United States because the Pap test has been widely available for many years.Other genital infections may also increase the risk that HPV will cause cancer. Vaccines are now available to help protect against infection from the main cancer-causing HPV types.These vaccines are approved for use in females and males from age 9 up to their mid-20’s. The vaccines can only be used to help prevent HPV infection – they do not stop or help treat an existing infection.They are called papilloma viruses because some of them cause papillomas, which are more commonly known as warts.
Some types of HPV only grow in skin, while others grow in mucous membranes such as the mouth, throat, or vagina. More than 40 types of HPV can be passed on through sexual contact.
Viruses are very small organisms; most can’t even be seen with an ordinary microscope.
They are made up of a small number of genes in the form of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coating.
Most sexually active people are infected with one or more of these HPV types at some point in their lives.
At least a dozen of these types are known to cause cancer.
When the DNA or RNA affects the host cell’s genes, it can push the cell toward becoming cancer.