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Ruined castle dating 1215

ruined castle dating 1215-36

There is also strong musical tradition which continues to this day.Here can be found an interesting diversity of medieval architecture, viz: Norman period ( 11th-12th centuries); Transitional Norman ( late 12th century); Early English (13th century); Decorated style (early 14th century); and Perpendicular style ( late 14th century).

During this time England experienced wars, extensive castle building, social changes, a new legal framework, crusades, the Black Death, construction of great abbeys and monasteries and development of the English language.→Ludlow Castle: Built in the 11th century by Roger de Lacey from when until abandonment in the 17th century the castle was a major power base. During the 15th century was used by powerful lords such as Salisbury, Warwick and Richard, Duke of Gloucester, later King Richard III.Fell into disrepair after Richard’s defeat at Battle of Bosworth in 1485.→York Minster: The building dates from 1080-1110 on a site which dates back to Roman times.Current structure dates from 1220 subsequent to which there has been additional building and rebuilding.For most of its existence the castle was used as a prison.

→Rievaulx Abbey: Founded 1132 by a contingent of Cistercian monks.

Played a major role in the civil war between Stephen (1097-1154) and Matilda (1102-67).

Was subject of a siege in the 17th century, English Civil War.

It was here on October 14th 1066 that King William of Normandy defeated the Saxon, King Harold. →Bosham Church: A medieval church with Saxon origins and features. This church is represented in the Bayeaux Tapestry.

→Battle of Bosworth: A defining event which occurred on August 22nd, 1485.

A ruin since the 16th century but substantial parts of the structure remain.